In the great Christian work “Summa Theologica,” St. Thomas Aquinas makes all of the following points except for one.     Which point does he NOT make?


A.  A man who possesses saving grace can lose it through personal sin

B.  Mortal sins can be blotted with the Sacrament of Confession

C.  After Confession, a man still must perform penance

D.  Baptism not only forgives sins, it eliminates all punishment or penance due for past sins

E.  Sacraments are necessary for a man’s salvation

F.  Christians should confess their sins at Confession before receiving the Sacrament of Confirmation

G.  The Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick (Extreme Unction) blots out sin

H.  Indulgences have value

I.  When a Christian dies, entrance into heaven may be delayed due to a temporary cleansing of the soul

J.  Priests should wear special vestments because they handle the Lord Jesus

K.  Permanent vows of virginity that are kept until death merit crowns in heaven.

L.  Some Christians suffer in purgatory longer than others before entering heaven.

M.             A man can be assured that if his personal interpretation of Scripture disagrees with the interpretation of the Universal Church, his personal interpretation is superior.




THE ANSWER IS……M……St. Thomas Aquinas submitted himself to the authority of the Catholic Church over personal interpretation of Scripture. Little did St. Thomas know in the 13th century that such an idea so foreign to him would be promoted by some in the 16th century.






“….in this life, every sin can be blotted out by true Penance.” (full text)

“Sacraments are necessary unto man's salvation for three reasons” (full text)

“It is absolutely necessary to confess according to Catholic faith that the entire Christ is in this sacrament.” (full text)


“Confirmation is necessary for salvation: although salvation is possible without it, provided it be not omitted out of contempt.” (full text)


St. Thomas discusses crowns in heaven for virgins here


“some are tormented in Purgatory longer than others….” (full text)

Consequently we must say that the principal effect of this sacrament is the remission of sin, as to its remnants, and, consequently, even as to its guilt, if it find it. (full text)

“…as soon as the soul is set free from the body it is either plunged into hell or soars to heaven, unless it be held back by some debt, for which its flight must needs be delayed until the soul is first of all cleansed.” (full text)

But in the case of the priest the "stole" hangs from both shoulders, to show that he has received full power to dispense the sacraments, and not as the minister of another man, for which reason the stole reaches right down. He also wears the "chasuble," which signifies charity, because he it is who consecrates the sacrament of charity, namely the Eucharist. (full text)




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